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【奥林匹克知多少】自1896年以来的现代奥运会是什么样的?

【奥林匹克知多少】自1896年以来的现代奥运会是什么样的?
Q自1896年以来的现代奥运会是什么样的?Ever since Athens in 1896 the Olympic Games have been a four-yearly meeting for the world’s athletes.自1896年在雅典举行的首届现代奥运会以来,世界运动员们每四年参与一次运动盛会。Each time, the Games are held in a different city around the globe. The Olympic Games are composed of the Games of the Olympiad (the Summer Games) and the Olympic Winter Games. The four-yearly interval between Summer Games is called an Olympiad.每一次,奥运会都在全球不同的城市举行。奥运会由夏季奥运会和冬季奥运会组成。夏季奥运会之间的四年间隔被称为奥运周期。The first Winter Games were held in Chamonix in 1924. The growth of sports played on snow and ice justified the creation of these Games devoted exclusively to winter sports. Prior to 1924, figure skating competitions had been included in the programme of the Games of the Olympiad, in London in 1908 and Antwerp in 1920. The Antwerp Games also saw the inclusion of ice hockey.第一届冬奥会于1924年在夏蒙尼(法国)举行。冰雪运动的发展促进了这项专门适用于冬季运动的运动会的成立。1924年之前,花样滑冰比赛已被列入1908年伦敦奥运会和1920年安特卫普奥运会的比赛项目。其中安特卫普奥运会还包括冰球项目。The Winter Games initially took place during the same year as the Games of the Olympiad. Since 1992, the summer and winter Games have alternated every two years.冬季奥运会最初与夏季奥运会在同一年举行。自1992年以来,夏季和冬季奥运会每两年交替举行一次。In just over a century of existence, the Olympic Games have evolved along with the society in which they take place. Current affairs help to shape the identity of the Games, at the same time that the Games leave their mark on the world around them.在过去的一个多世纪里,奥运会也随着社会而发展。时事有助于赋予奥运会特点,同时奥运会也在世界各地留下了自己的印记。The participation of women is one of the features of the modern Olympic Games. They first participated in the 1900 Games in Paris. Women gradually established footholds in the rest of the programme, and today they are present in all the Olympic sports. At the 2016 Games in Rio, they made up 45 per cent of the participants.女性的参与是现代奥运会的特点之一。她们首次参加了1900年在巴黎举行的奥运会。女性逐渐从参与部分项目,到如今的广泛性发展,时至今日她们已参加了所有奥运会项目。在2016年里约奥运会上,女性运动员占所有参赛运动员的45%。In 2010, the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) were added to the Olympic calendar. The main purpose of the YOG is to help young athletes between the ages of 15 and 18 develop both their sporting prowess and life skills. Some 4,000 athletes from all over the world compete in the Summer YOG, and around 1,800 athletes from 80 countries take part in the Winter YOG.2010年,青奥会被列入奥运会的日程当中。青奥会的主要目的是帮助15至18岁的年轻运动员发展他们的运动能力和生活技能。来自世界各地的约4000名运动员参加了夏季青奥会,而来自80个国家(和地区)的约1800名运动员参加了冬季青奥会的角逐。内容来源:HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW THE OLYMPIC GAMES?RS整理翻译往期更多精彩内容热点聚焦训练教学点击“在看”,分享给更多朋友!